The history of German wine dates back to Roman times when vines were planted along the banks of the River Mosel. Riesling can be traced back to 1435 in the Rheingau (or Rhine) region and was documented shortly after in the Mosel. Grown on the steep, slatey banks of the river Mosel, Riesling is the epitome of traditional Germany wine; aromatic, delicate, racy, long-lived and unlike any wine made elsewhere in the world. Today Germany boasts over 102,000 hectares of vineyards with over 140 grape varieties ranging from Albalonga to Zweigeltrebe. Pinot Noir (Or Spätburgunder as it is locally known) is currently the leading red grape variety but nothing compares to the white varieties which take up almost two thirds of the total production of German wine, with Riesling and Müller-Thurgau taking centre stage in most vineyards.